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bon·sai (bone-sigh) n.

Etymology: Japanese, literally, tray planting; a potted plant (as a tree) dwarfed and trained to an artistic shape by special methods of culture

Also: the art of growing such a plant

Plural: bonsai

Bonsai calligraphy by Eri Takase


Japanese Bonsai Terms

Bonsai Styles

Descriptions and Illustrations of most of these styles can be found
in our Knowledge Base under Classic Bonsai Styles.

BankanTwisted Trunk (many curves)
ChokkanFormal Upright
Han Kengaï Semi-Cascade
IkadabukiStraight Raft
IshitsukiRoot On Rock
MoyogiInformal Upright
NeagariExposed Root
NejikanTwisted Trunk
NetsunanariSinuous Raft
SabamikiCleft Trunk
SankanThree Trunks From One Base
SekijôjuRoot Over Rock
SokanDouble Trunk From One Base
SôjuTwin Trunk


Bonsai Sizes

Extracted from Herb Gustafson's Bonsai Class 1.
Shito, Mame and Komono are also collectively called SHOHIN.

Shito or Keshitsubo Under 2"
Mame2" - 6"
Komono6" - 10"
Katade-mochi10" - 18"
Chiu or Chumono 16" - 36"
Dai or Omono 30" - 48"
Hachi-uye40" - 60"
Imperial60" - 120"


Other Bonsai Terms

ShariExposed dead wood on trunk
JinExposed dead wood on branches
NebariThe footprint of the base of the trunk at the soil line, including roots.

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