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Bonsai

bon·sai (bone-sigh) n.

Etymology: Japanese, literally, tray planting; a potted plant (as a tree) dwarfed and trained to an artistic shape by special methods of culture

Also: the art of growing such a plant

Plural: bonsai

Bonsai calligraphy by Eri Takase

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Botanical Latin

This list of botanical latin names for trees often used in bonsai is part of Bonsai Clubs International's "Basic Teacher's Guide," and a valuable reference. Bonsai enthusiasts generally use the latin or scientific names for their trees. It's not uncommon for a tree to have different "common" names in different parts of the country or world! Therefore, using the scientific name for trees completely avoids confusion!

LatinGenus Name
EnglishAmerican Common Name
AbiesFir
AcerMaple
BuxusBoxwood
CarpinusHornbeam
CedrusCedar
ChaenomelesFlowering Quince
CrataegusHawthorn
CupressusCypress
FagusBeech
FicusFig
GinkgoGinkgo
JuniperusJuniper
LarixLarch
LigustrumPrivet
MalusApple
OleaOlive
PiceaSpruce
PinusPine
PrunusStone Fruits (Flowering Fruits)
PseudolarixChinese Larch
PunicaPomegranate
RhododendronRhododendron, Azalea
QuercusOak
SalixWillow
SequoiaCoast Redwood
SerrisaCoffee, Gardenia
TaxodiumBald and Pond Cypress
TaxusYew
TsugaHemlock
UlmusElm
ZelkovaGray Bark Elm

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